Должность, уч степень, звание подпись, дата инициалы, фамилия Контрольное задание №5 и №6 по дисциплине: английский язык - файл

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федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования





должность, уч. степень, звание

подпись, дата

инициалы, фамилия

Контрольное задание

№5 и №6

по дисциплине: АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК





подпись, дата

инициалы, фамилия

Санкт-Петербург 2018

Контрольное задание № 5
Вариант 1

1. Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в каждом из них тип условного предложения и переведите их на русский язык:

1. I′ll go to the USA, if I manage to save enough money.

2. If I had passed my driving test first time, I′d think about buying a car.

3. What would you do if you lost your passport in a foreign country?

4. If Jane hadn′t lent me the money, I wouldn′t have been able to buy the car.

5. If you order by the end of the month we can give you a discount.
2. Перепишите и письменно переведите следующие предложения, содержащие причастия, герундий и инфинитив или конструкции с ними:

1. The goods being produced by our company are among the best at the moment.

2. They are going to postpone making a decision until next month.

3. I don′t know how you managed to persuade the bank manager to lend you so much money.

4. My boss went on saying that he was very proud of us.

5. The conference being over, the participants went on an excursion.

6. Having completed their test, the students handled them in.

7. I′m still looking for a job, but I hope to find something soon.

8. I made him promise that he woudn′t tell anybody what happened.

9. We are not allowed to make personal calls at work.

10. In some countries there is tax on things sold in the shops.
3. Перепишите и переведите на русский язык предложения, содержащие усилительные (эмфатические) конструкции:

1. It was at our University that the conference took place.

2. Partnerships do receive tax benefits from the government.

3. It is general partner who has unlimited liability.

4. The case is not improbable.

5. Important as this work is, it does not cover the problem on the whole.

4. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст:
What does Economics Study?

What do you think of when you hear the word economics? Money, certainly, and perhaps more complicated things like business, inflation and unemployment. The science of economics studies all of these, but many more things as well. Perhaps you think that economics is all about the decisions that governments and business managers take. In fact, economists study the decisions that we all take every day. Very simply, economics studies the way people deal with a fact of life: resources are limited, but our demand for them is certainly not. Resources may be material things such as food, housing and heating. There are some resources, though, that we cannot touch. Time, space and convenience, for example, are also resources. Think of a day. There are only 24 hours in one, and we have to choose the best way to spend them. Our everyday lives are full of decisions like these. Every decision we make is a trade-off. If you spend more time working, you make more money. However, you will have less time to relax. Economists study the tradeoffs people make. They study the reasons for their decisions. They look at the effects those decisions have on our lives and our society. Economists talk about microeconomics and macroeconomics. Microeconomics deals with people, like you and me, and private businesses. It looks at the economic decisions people make every day. It examines how families manage their household budgets. Microeconomics also deals with companies - small or large - and how they run their business. Macroeconomics, on the other hand, looks at the economy of a country - and of the whole world. Any economist will tell you, though, that microeconomics and macroeconomics are closely related. All of our daily microeconomic decisions have an effect on the wider world around us. Another way to look at the science of economics is to ask, ′what′s it good for?′ Economists have different opinions on this subject. Some practise positive economics. They study economic data and try to explain the behaviour of the economy. They also try to guess economic changes before they happen. Others practise normative economics. They suggest how to improve the economy. Positive economists say, ′this is how it is′. Normative economists say, ′we should...′. So what do economists do? Mainly, they do three things: collecting data, creating economic models and formulating theories. Data collection can include facts and figures about almost anything, from birth rates to coffee production. Economic models show relationships between these different data. For example, the relationship between the money people earn and unemployment. From this information, economists try to make theories which explain why the economy works the way it does.

Контрольное задание №6

Вариант 1

1. Перепишите следующие предложения и письменно переведите их на русский язык. При переводе обратите внимание на место предлога в русском языке:

1. His scientific articles are often referred to.

2. Do you think that these figures can be relied on?

3. The terms of agreement were insisted upon.

4. The desire of a customer to buy is influenced by packaging.

5. This method is much spoken about.

6. Our plan was objected to.

2. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Обратите внимание на место Participle II в качестве определения и способы его перевода:

1. People who have specialized knowledge are very valuable to the company.

2. Managers provide detailed instructions so employees know exactly what to do.

3. Marketing includes all the business activities connected with the movement of goods and services from producers to customers.

4. Once signed the contract can′t be cancelled.

5. The price mentioned was five per cent lower than that which had been paid under the previous contract.

3. Перепишите следующие предложения; выделите в них придаточные предложения, подчеркните их и определите тип. Предложения переведите:

1. Credit unions were started by people who shared a common bond such as working in the same factory or belonging to the same house of worship.

2. When you keep your savings in a bank, the bank pays you extra money, which is called interest.

3. Marketing can be divided into the four main elements that are popularly known as the four Ps: product, price, placement and promotion.

4. The producers who establish these prices are known as price leaders.

5. The question is whether he knows about her promotion or not.

6. The problem was that he didn`t posses negotiating skills.

4. Перепишите и переведите следующие предложения, обращая внимание на порядок слов в придаточных предложениях:

1. Had I known about the vacancy, I would have applied.

2. Rarely have I gained so much valuable experience in any work place.

3. No matter how hard we work, we′ll fail if we don′t adopt the new job.
5. Перепишите следующие предложения. Укажите, в каком значении употребляются в них глаголы should/would. Предложения переведите:

1. If we′d prepared properly, we wouldn′t have lost the contract.

2. You really should open a bank account.

3. When we were working for Link-up we would spend hours on the phone.

4. Business representatives insist that bank customers should save their money in the bank in dollars.

5. The manager suggested that I should be engaged in advertising problems.

6. He tried to persuade me, but I wouldn′t listen to him.
6. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык приводимый ниже текст:
Banks and Banking

When it comes to dealing with money, the banks provide a variety of services essential to trade and to the economy of a country. There are two main types of bank: 1. Central banks These are the institutions which control the banking of the entire country; they work together with the government to control the country′s economy. The central bank of the United Kingdom is the Bank of England, in the USA it is the Federal Reserve System, in single-currency Europe the European Central Bank, etc. The central bank has a number of different functions: a) To issue banknotes and coins, the country′s currency. These notes and coins are legal tender in the country where they are produced; this means that traders in that country may not refuse them when they are offered as payment. b) To look after the country′s gold reserves. c) To make sure that the country′s currency keeps its value. d) To act as bankers for the government and the other banks. e) To keep inflation under control. Inflation happens when there is a lot more money (in the form of banknotes and credit) available than there are goods for sale (in other words, when demand for the goods exceeds supply). When this happens, prices increase sharply and often. To stop it, the central bank needs to take money out of circulation, for example by increasing interest rates (this makes borrowing more expensive and means that fewer people will apply for credit), and by increasing the amount of money which all banks have to deposit with the central bank. 2. Commercial banks These are the public or private banks which people use for their everyday money matters. If you have a bank account for example, it will be at a commercial bank. There are three basic types of bank account: • Current account. This type of account is used for everyday transactions such as paying bilk, transferring money and drawing cheques. You can have an overdraft on this type of account (that means you can withdraw more money than you have in the account, although you will have to pay interest for this service), but you don′t usually receive interest of the money you pay in. • Deposit account. This type of account may be used for short-term, small savings; the money paid in earns a small amount of interest. It is not possible to draw cheques or have an overdraft on this type of account, but it is possible to transfer money to it from a current account. • Investment account. Money paid into this type of account earns more interest, but the customer has to inform the bank in advance when he wants to withdraw his money. If it is a fixed-term account, he may not be able to withdraw the money for a certain period agreed with the bank (for example, five years). This type of account may be used for larger, longterm savings.

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