Вербицкая М.В., Махмурян К.С. ЕГЭ 2010. Английский язык. Тренировочные задания - файл n10.doc

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ВАРИАНТ 1

Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ

В1. Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1-6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A-G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

A. TV may have a negative effect on learning.

B. TV should change in the future.

С. TV can teach a lot.

D. TV has many functions.

E. TV can ruin family life.

F. TV should be switched on and off in time.

G. TV can be a good friend.


Говорящий

1

2

3

4

5

6

Утверждение




















Вы услышите радиопередачу о звездах современной рок-музыки. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Al. Rock stars' income cannot be compared with income in any other professional category.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A2. Some rock stars admit that they earn more than they deserve.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A3. Being a good singer is more important than being lucky in show business.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

А4. Star fans are not happy when a rock star appears too often on TV and in movies.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A5. Rock stars support charity programs in many different ways.

1) True 2)False 3) Not stated

A6. Most rock stars end their life in poverty.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A7. The stage life of many rock stars is not long.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вы услышите интервью, которое школьница берет у своей бабушки для школьной радиогазеты. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

А8. The girl's grandmother goes by the name of Elaine because

1) it is only natural to go by one's first name for a girl.

2) she didn't like her real first name and changed it when she grew up.

3) she wanted to avoid confusion with other female members in the family.

A9. Elaine liked primary school because

1) she could be alone at least on the way to school.

2) her teacher always made her feel special.

3) she could learn more, listening to older kids.

A10. Among Elaine's chores was

1) waxing the floors.

2) tidying the closets.

3) washing the dishes.

A11. When in high school Elaine

1) proved to be a natural dancer.

2) couldn't learn to play basketball.

3) could take athletics with boys.

A12. She got a chance to go to college because

1) her employer helped her to continue her education.

2) she earned enough money working at the creamery and at the cafeteria.

3) she got an academic scholarship.

A13. She majored in

1) economics. 2) home economics education. 3) education.

A14. Elaine had a big family, and remembering her kids growing up

1) she feels sorry she had so many children.

2) she wishes she had more.

3) she believes it was a reward for all her previous problems.

По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1-А14 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В1, А1-А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. В1 расположено в нижней части бланка. При переносе ответов в задании В1 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ

В2. Установите соответствие тем А-Н текстам 1-7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.

A. A taste of everything

B. Shop till you drop

С. City's tourist attractions

D. Ancient traditions live on

E. Activities for the adventurous and hardy

F. On the crossroads of religions

G. For the body, mind and soul

H. From the high peaks to the deep seas

1. Today Jakarta has much to offer, ranging from museums, art and antique markets, first class shopping to accommodations and a wide variety of cultural activities. Jakarta's most famous landmark, the National Monument or Monas is a 137m obelisk topped with a flame sculpture coated with 35 kg of gold. Among other places one can mention the National museum that holds an extensive collection of ethnographic artifacts and relics, the Maritime Museum that exhibits Indonesia's seafaring traditions, including models of sea going vessels.

2. Sumatra is a paradise for nature lovers, its national parks are the largest in the world, home to a variety of monkeys, tigers and elephants. Facing the open sea, the western coastline of Sumatra and the waters surrounding Nias Island have big waves that make them one of the best surfer's beaches in Indonesia. There are beautiful coral reefs that are ideal for diving. For those who prefer night dives, the waters of Riau Archipelago offer a rewarding experience with marine scavengers of the dark waters.

3. Various establishments offer professional pampering service with floral baths, body scrubs, aromatic oils, massages and meditation; rituals and treatments that use spices and aromatic herbs to promote physical and mental wellness. Various spa hotels are extremely popular. Indonesians believe that when treating the body you cure the mind.

4. Jakarta has a distinctly cosmopolitan flavor. Tantalize your taste buds with a gastronomic spree around the city's many eateries. Like French gourmet dining, exotic Asian cuisine, American fast food, stylish cafes, restaurants all compete to find a way into your heart through your stomach. The taste of Indonesia's many cultures can be found in almost any corner of the city: hot and spicy food from West Sumatra, sweet tastes of Dental Java, the tangy fish dishes of North Sulawesi.

5. In the face of constant exposure to modernization and foreign influences, the native people still faithfully cling to their culture and rituals. The pre-Hindu Bali Aga tribe still maintains their own traditions of architecture, pagan religion, dance and music, such as unique rituals of dances and gladiator-like battles between youths. On the island of Siberut native tribes have retained their Neolithic hunter-gathering culture.

6. Whether you are a serious spender or half hearted shopper, there is sure to be something for everybody in Jakarta. Catering to diverse tastes and pockets, the wide variety of things you can buy in Jakarta is mind boggling from the best of local handicrafts to haute couture labels. Modern super and hyper markets, multi-level shopping centers, retail and specialty shops, sell quality goods at a competitive price. Sidewalk bargains range from tropical blooms of vivid colors and scents in attractive bouquets to luscious fruits of the seasons.

7. The land's long and rich history can't be separated from the influence of Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity. There is one of the oldest Hindu temples in Java, the majestic Buddhist 'monastery on the hill', Borobudur, the largest Buddhist monument in the world. About 17 km away from this monastery is a 9th century temple complex built by the Sanjaya dynasty. Prambanan complex is dedicated to the Hindu trinity: Ciwa, Vishnu and Brahma. The spread of Islam also left interesting monuments such as the 15th century Minaret Mosque in Kudus.


1

2

3

4

5

6

7























ВЗ. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 частями предложений A-G. Одна из частей в списке A-G лишняя. Перенесите ответы в таблицу.

When I arrived in England I thought I knew English. After I'd been here an hour I realized that I did not understand one word. In the first week I picked up a tolerable working knowledge of the language and the next seven years convinced me gradually but thoroughly that I 1_________, let alone perfectly. This is sad. My only consolation being that nobody speaks English perfectly.

Remember that those five hundred words an average Englishman uses are 2 _________. You may learn another five hundred and another five thousand and yet another fifty thousand and still you may come across a further fifty thousand 3__________.

If you live here long enough you will find out to your greatest amazement that the adjective nice is not the only adjective the language possesses, in spite of the fact that 4__________. You can say that the weather is nice, a restaurant is nice, Mr. Soandso is nice, Mrs. Soandso's clothes are nice, you had a nice time, 5__________.

Then you have to decide on your accent. The easiest way to give the impression of having a good accent or no foreign accent at all is to hold an unlit pipe in your mouth, to mutter between your teeth and finish all your sentences with the question: "isn't it?" People will not understand much, but they are accustomed to that and they will get a 6__________.

A. whatever it costs

B. most excellent impression

C. you have never heard of before, and nobody else either

D. in the first three years you do not need to learn or use any other adjectives

E. would never know it really well

F. far from being the whole vocabulary of the language

G. and all this will be correct
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

A good night's sleep - an impossible dream?

Tonight, do yourself a favor. Shut off the TV, log off the Internet and unplug the phone. Relax, take a bath, maybe sip some herbal tea. Then move into the bedroom. Set your alarm clock for a time no less than eight hours in the future, fluff up your pillows and lay your head down for a peaceful night of restorative shut-eye. That's what American doctors advise.

American sleep experts are sounding an alarm over America's sleep deficit. They say Americans are a somnambulant nation, stumbling groggily through their waking hours for lack of sufficient sleep. They are working longer days - and, increasingly, nights - and they are playing longer, too, as TV and the Internet expand the range of round-the-clock entertainment options. By some estimates, Americans are sleeping as much as an hour and a half less per night than they did at the turn of the century - and the problem is likely to get worse.

The health repercussions of sleep deprivation are not well understood, but sleep researchers point to ills ranging from heart problems to depression. In a famous experiment conducted at the University of Chicago in 1988, rats kept from sleeping died after two and a half weeks. People are not likely to drop dead in the same way, but sleep deprivation may cost them their lives indirectly, when an exhausted doctor prescribes the wrong dosage or a sleepy driver weaves into someone's lane.

What irritates sleep experts most is the fact that much sleep deprivation is voluntary. "People have regarded sleep as a commodity that they could shortchange," says one of them. "It's been considered a mark of very hard work and upward mobility to get very little sleep. It's a macho attitude". Slumber scientists hope that attitude will change. They say people have learned to modify their behavior in terms of lowering their cholesterol and increasing exercise. Doctors also think people need to be educated that allowing enough time for sleep and taking strategic naps are the most reliable ways to promote alertness behind the wheel and on the job.

Well, naps would be nice, but at the moment, employers tend to frown on them. And what about the increasing numbers of people who work at night? Not only must they work while their bodies' light-activated circadian rhythms tell them to sleep, they also find it tough to get to sleep after work. Biologists say night workers have a hard time not paying attention to the 9-to-5 day because of noises or family obligations or that's the only time they can go to the dentist. There are not too many dentists open at midnight.

As one might imagine, companies are springing up to take advantage of sleeplessness. One of the companies makes specially designed shift-work lighting systems intended to keep workers alert around the clock. Shiftwork's theory is that bright light, delivered in a controlled fashion, can help adjust people's biological clocks. The company president says they are using light like a medicine. So far, such special lighting has been the province of NASA astronauts and nuclear power plant workers. He thinks that in the future, such systems may pop up in places like hospitals and 24-hour credit-card processing centers. Other researchers are everything from (night workers wear during the day) to human growth hormones. And, of course, there is always what doctors refer to as "therapeutic caffeine use", but everyone is already familiar with that.

So, is a good night's sleep an impossible dream for Americans? Maybe so.

A15. The advice of American doctors is all about

1) ways to reduce negative effect of modern technologies.

2) complex measures that ensure healthy sleep.

3) positive effect of herbal therapy.

4) the process of restoring from unexpected psychological stress.

A16. Americans are referred to as a "somnambulant nation" because they

1) need special help to fall asleep.

2) are sleepwalkers.

3) regularly wake up at night.

4) don't get enough sleep to function effectively.

A17. Experiments with sleep deprivation proved that

1) it inevitably leads to death.

2) its repercussions have finally become predictable.

3) it is likely to result in cardio or nervous problems.

4) animal and human reactions are almost alike.

A18. There is a tendency to sleep less because

1) people want to look tough at any cost.

2) people think they can reduce sleeping hours without any harm.

3) people have learned to cope with less sleep just as they have learned to lower cholesterol.

4) otherwise they lose career and social opportunities.

A19. Having naps during the day would be nice, but

1) doctors do not find them effective.

2) people won't take them voluntarily.

3) bosses are against this.

4) it is difficult to arrange.

A20. People who work at night can hardly

1) fulfill traditional family obligations. 2) consult doctors when needed. 3) socialize to their liking. 4) ever sleep without ear-plugs.

А21. The main aim of specially designed shift-work lighting system is

1) to help people feel alert at night. 2) to provide better lightning. 3) to prevent heart diseases. 4) to stimulate human growth hormones.
По окончании выполнения заданий В2, ВЗ и А15-А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2-ВЗ, А15-А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка.
Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров В4-В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10.
Who really discovered America?

NAME

B4. Everybody knows that Christopher Columbus discovered America. However, America ___________ after Amerigo Vespucci who explored the eastern coast of South America.
THINK

B5. Was he really the first to reach the continent? The great Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdal ___________it wasn't true.
CAN

В6. Не believed that ancient people were able to build boats that __________cross oceans.
PICTURE

B7. To test his ideas, Heyerdal decided to build a copy of the reed boats, which ____________ in ancient Egyptian paintings and

sail across the Atlantic.
WIDE

B8. On May 25, 1969 the boat called Ra left a port in Morocco and headed across the ___________ part of the Atlantic.
BREAK

B9. Before reaching Barbados, Ra___________ but all the members of the expedition survived and wanted to try again.
PROVE

B10. So, on May 17, 1970 Ra II successfully crossed the Atlantic, _________that ancient civilizations had enough skill to reach America long before Columbus.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров В11- В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.
Castle Clinton

DEFENSE

B 11. Castle Clinton was built in the times of Napoleonic wars and great tension between Britain and the US. New

York was almost___________ and in a short time five new forts, Castle Clinton among them, were built.
ENTERTAIN

B12. However, it was never used as a fortress. In 1824, it became a place of public____________.
SCIENCE

B13. A newspaper described it as a "fanciful garden, tastefully ornamented with shrubs and flowers".

The garden was the setting for band concerts, fireworks and demonstrations of the latest_________ achievements.
REMARK

В14. Many ___________ people were honored at the Garden, President Andrew Jackson among them.
VISIT

B15. In 1896 Castle Clinton became the city Aquarium and thousands of __________ rushed to see fish that came from the waters around New York.
VARY

В16. Later exotic fish from around the world were brought to the Aquarium and the collection grew in number and __________.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22- А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Sharing music with friends

Brenda is a nineteen-year old full-time college student, and she earns money working part time as a waitress. Brenda loves to listen to music like most young people, but she can't A22 _________ the high CD prices that record companiesA23 __________ for popular CDs. Brenda says that the prices of CDs are ridiculously high at $17 to $20 each and there are only two or three good songs on each CD.

She A24 __________an apartment with three other roommates. She pays her own A25 __________ and she also pays most of her A26 __________. Her solution to expensive CDs is to download or copy music from the Internet. Brenda and millions of other people are called "downloaders" because they download free file-sharing software and music. When Brenda later gives, shares, or trades her music files free over the Internet, she is also an uploader. She considers herself an active music uploader, but the music industry considers her a A27 __________. From 2001 on, the Recording Industry Association of America has sued and fined dozens of file-sharing services, for uploading music files, and hundreds of people, for A28 _________ the law by downloading music.

A22. 1) provide 2) supply 3) afford 4) allow

A23. 1) offer 2) charge 3) suggest 4) propose

A24. 1) leases 2) lends 3) hires 4) rents

А25. 1) lessons 2) classes 3) tuition 4) education

A26. 1) costs 2) fees 3) expenses 4) payments

A27. 1) thief 2) cheater 3) burglar 4) bandit

A28. 1) undermining 2) disobeying 3) breaking 4) ruining
По окончании выполнения заданий В4-В16, А22-А28 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4-В16, А22-А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4-В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО

Для ответов на задания С1, С2 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания С1, С2, а потом пишете свой ответ. Если одной стороны Бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать другую сторону Бланка.
C 1. You have 20 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Bill who writes:
...I don't think it will be a problem for me to choose a good job in the future as I'm really interested in foreign languages, cultures and countries and I hope I'll work as a translator or teacher of foreign languages some day. Have you already decided on your career? What job are you going to choose? Why?

I've lived in the USA my whole life but I'd really love to travel to other countries...
Write a letter to Bill.

In your letter: 1) answer his questions; 2) ask 3 questions about his plans for travelling.

Write 100-140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.
C2. You have 40 minutes to do this task.

Comment on the following statement.
It's reported that billions of dollars are spent on space exploration projects every year. Some people believe that this money should be used to solve problems on Earth.

What is your opinion? What problems should humanity solve first of all?
Write 200-250 words.

Use the following plan:

-make an introduction (state the problem);

-express your personal opinion and give reasons for it;

-give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't agree with it;

-draw a conclusion.

ВАРИАНТ 2

Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ

В1. Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1-6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A-G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

A. The speaker has some time to herself / himself at work.

B. The speaker hasn't given up the job because she / he likes dealing with customers.

C. There is a growing need for the speaker's services.

D. Although the job is boring the speaker does it because it is well- paid.

E. The speaker enjoys her / his job although she / he doesn't make good money.

F. The speaker agrees to do any job because she / he needs money badly.

G. The speaker likes the environment and the fact that she / he doesn't have to work too quickly.


Говорящий

1

2

3

4

5

6

Утверждение




















Вы услышите разговор между подругами. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A1. Every year Betsy spends the New Year abroad.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A2. Betsy thinks that the trip was not worth the money.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A3. There is an active volcano on the island.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

А4. Betsy led an active life on the island.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A5. The zoo had more than a hundred species of wild birds.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A6. There are no snow-capped mountains on the island.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A7. Foreigners are not allowed to own property on the island.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Вы услышите интервью с актерами. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

А8. Robert and Amy fell in love with each other

1) after eating out together.

2) after a few months of working together.

3) when they first met on the film set.

A9. When Robert decided to propose to Amy, he

1) was sure that Amy would accept his proposal.

2) wanted to do it in a proper way.

3) knew the exact place in Madrid to do it.

A10. The wedding ceremony in the film reminded Robert and Amy of their own wedding because

1) both weddings took place in the same settings.

2) there was an explosion during both weddings.

3) there were some of the same people at both weddings.

A11. According to Amy, she is different from Robert because she

1) is less open to new ideas than her husband.

2) comes from a smaller family than Robert.

3) has different views on family life.

А12. Amy felt uncomfortable at school because

1) she missed her mother very much.

2) her mother taught at the same school.

3) the teachers and the headmistress disliked her.

A13. If Amy hadn't become an actress, her parents would have

1) understood and supported her.

2) been displeased with her.

3) insisted on her joining the family business.

A14. Amy is sure that if you have a child, you

1) can do without having a friend.

2) should think more about the future.

3) can cope with any problem.

По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1- А14 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В1, А1-А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. В1 расположено в нижней части бланка. При переносе ответов в задании В1 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ

В2. Установите соответствие тем А-Н текстам 1-7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.

A. Party dessert E. Giving a party

B. Outdoor game F. Party animals

С. Taking care of a pet G. Fun on the way

D. Collecting things H. Party game

1. Ask your parents for permission to have a party. Decide what kind of party you want and whether it will be held indoors or outdoors. Send written invitations to your friends. Tell them what kind of party you are having, at what time, where, and whether or not the guests should wear costumes. Make a list of games you would like to play. Ask your mother to help you prepare refreshments. Ice cream, cake, cookies, and lemonade are good for any party.

2. This activity makes everybody laugh. Have the guests sit around the room. Choose one person to be a pussycat. The pussy must go over to a guest and do his/her best to make the guest laugh. He/she can make funny meows and walk around like a cat. The pussy goes from one guest to another until someone laughs. The first one to laugh becomes the new pussy.

3. It's easy to make a cake from a cake mix that you get from the grocery store. You usually add only water or milk. Cake mixes come in many flavours, such as chocolate, lemon, banana, vanilla and others. When you make a cake from a mix, always follow the directions on the package carefully. Then you can be sure that your cake will turn out right and your guests will enjoy it. Many mixes have a small envelope of powdered frosting hidden inside the flour.

4. As you ride on a bus with your friends, get someone to start singing. Everyone joins in. At the first crossroad, another person starts a different song, and everyone joins in. Keep changing songs at every crossroad.

5. Looking after cats is easy. They wash themselves every day and eat almost any food. Cats like to drink milk and cream. But they need to be fed on fish, beef, liver, and other kinds of meat. They need a clean, dry bed at night. You can use a basket or a cardboard box for your cat's bed. Cats like to play with a rubber ball or chase a string.

6. You can have a whole army of toy soldiers made of tin, wood or plastic. Some may be dressed in fancy uniforms, some may be sitting on horses. Others may be ready for battle, carrying guns and shoulder packs. You can have soldiers from other countries, or only Civil War soldiers or only modern soldiers. If you get two soldiers that are alike, trade your extra soldier with another toy soldier lover.

7. Even animals get involved in elections. The donkey and elephant have been political symbols in the USA for more than 100 years. Why? In 1828, Democrat Andrew Jackson ran for president. Critics said he was stubborn as a donkey. The donkey has been the symbol of the Democratic Party ever since. In the 1870s, newspaper cartoonists began using the elephant to stand for the Republican Party.


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ВЗ. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 частями предложений A-G. Одна из частей в списке A-G лишняя. Перенесите ответы в таблицу.

Before the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, scientists thought they knew the universe. They were wrong. The Hubble Space Telescope has changed many scientists' view of the universe. The telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, 1 __________.

He established that many galaxies exist and developed the first system for their classifications.

In many ways, Hubble is like any other telescope. It simply gathers light. It is roughly the size of a large school bus. What makes Hubble special is not what it is, 2 __________.

Hubble was launched in 1990 from the "Discovery" space shuttle and it is about 350 miles above our planet, 3________.

It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesn't have to look through the air, 4 ________.

And what a view it is! Hubble is so powerful it could spot a fly on the moon.

Yet in an average orbit, it uses the same amount of energy as 28 100-watt light bulbs. Hubble pictures require no film. The telescope takes digital images 5 _______.

Hubble has snapped photos of storms on Saturn and exploding stars. Hubble doesn't just focus on our solar system. It also peers into our galaxy and beyond. Many Hubble photos show the stars that make up the Milky Way galaxy. A galaxy is a city of stars.

Hubble cannot take pictures of the sun or other very bright objects, because doing so could "fry" the telescope's instruments, but it can detect infrared and ultra violet light 6 ________.

Some of the sights of our solar system that Hubble has glimpsed may even change the number of planets in it.

A. which is above Earth's atmosphere.

B. which are transmitted to scientists on Earth.

C. which is invisible to the human eye.

D. who calculated the speed at which galaxies move.

E. so it has a clear view of space.

F. because many stars are in clouds of gas.

G. but where it is.

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Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Whilst travelling in 2001, I had my first but definitely not last go at snowboarding. Rhona and I went to the Cardona ski resort, a couple of hours from Queenstown in New Zealand. We had been staying in Queenstown for a couple of weeks and had tried a couple of the local ski resorts. They had been so popular, that there was almost no room to stay. The problem for me with this was that with so many people moving around me, my eyes were constantly re-focusing. This meant that I couldn't see a thing! As I had never snowboarded before, we decided that it was going to be a problem. A guy at one of the local ski rental shops recommended that we should try Cardona.

On arrival I went straight to the Ski Patrol and explained my situation. They suggested that I should wear a vest, that they supplied, with the words 'BLIND SKIER' on the front and back on top of my jacket. They told me that this was more for the benefit of the other skiers around me. I must admit, I wasn't very keen to do this, but thought I would give it a try.

Once onto the slopes, I put my vest on and began to practise my limited skills. Because I have done some other board sports, i. e. skateboarding, surfing, etc., it wasn't too hard to learn the basics. Once I was comfortable with this, I headed off for the ski lift and the big slopes. As I stood in the queue I could hear people talking about that 'poor blind guy'. This niggled me a bit, but I decided to try to ignore it. At the top of the lift I stepped off and strapped my feet onto the board.

As we headed off I could hear more people talking about the vest. I was starting to get paranoid. Then as I gathered speed and Rhona would shout directions, I realized that the people who saw the vest were getting out of my way. Fantastic! This was better than a white stick in a crowd. We picked up speed turning left, then right, hitting a few bumps, but mainly going really well. I even managed to control the snowboard. Well, sort of control it. Before I knew it, we had zipped down a long straight slope and had come to the end of the run. The adrenaline was buzzing and I was 'high as a kite'. What a feeling. I got back on the ski lift and headed back up. This time I was going to do the run solo!

I had memorized the slope from my first run and felt very confident. As I came off the lift, I rushed to get started. Again, I could hear people talking about me, but now it didn't matter. The vest was a definite benefit for the novice snowboarder! I took the first stage at a steady pace, looking for my first left bend. No problems there. I found that easy enough. I was now looking for my fast approaching right bend. I missed this one completely and ended up in the safety netting at the edge of the run.

At this point, I decided I was not the world's best snowboarder and would have to take things a little slower. As the day progressed, so did my skills. I had a great time. Even taking 'air' on quite a few occasions. However this was not deliberate! I was now very wary about that bend I had missed , so I started to take it a bit earlier. Unfortunately, this meant that I would leap about 2 metres into the air. And what was more surprising than being airborne, was the fact that on half a dozen occasions, (out of about 30), I landed on my feet and carried on downhill. The rest of the time I fell on my bottom. I heard some people comment on how brave 'that blind guy' was. Little did they know it was lack of skill rather than bravery.

We boarded at Cardona for two days and had a fantastic time. Because it is a bit of a drive away from most of the tourist places, it is not as busy as the other ski resorts. It is mostly visited by the locals and I think that says something. If you get the chance, I would definitely recommend Cardona. I would also like to thank the Ski Patrol for that great suggestion. Without the vest, I am sure there could have been some crashes, caused by me. But with the vest, everyone just got out of the way. However, I think that if I was to get a vest for myself, it would probably read 'BLIND&DAFT'.

A15. The narrator and his companion decided to choose the Cardona ski resort because

1) it was a short distance from Queenstown.

2) they couldn't find a room at other resorts.

3) somebody said that it was worth going to.

4) it was popular with snowboarders.

A16. The Ski Patrol suggested that the narrator should wear a vest in order to

1) make it easier for them to locate the narrator in ease of an accident.

2) make the narrator feel more confident during his first go at snow-boarding.

3) keep an eye on him on the slope.

4) prevent other people from colliding with him on the slopes.

A17. When the narrator was standing in the queue he

1) felt annoyed by people's comments.

2) felt comfortable in his vest.

3) tried to focus his eyes on the track.

4) tried to ignore his fear.

A18. "This" in "This was better than a white stick in the crowd" refers to

1) the fact that people were getting out of the narrator's way.

2) the narrator's moving at a high speed down the slope.

3) the fact that Rhona was giving the narrator directions.

4) the narrator's hearing more people talking about the vest.

A19. The narrator did the second run solo and he

1) tried to memorize all the bends.

2) failed to go round one of the bends.

3) tried not to listen to Rhona's directions.

4) fell down and was injured.

A20. The narrator believes that his successful leaps into the air and landing on his feet were due to

1) his personal courage.

2) people's encouragement.

3) his intensive practising.

4) pure chance.

A21. The narrator recommends the Cardona ski resort because

1) of the Ski Patrol efficient service

2) skiers are supplied with vests there.

3) it is less crowded than other places.

4) there are few crashes on the slopes.

По окончании выполнения заданий В2, ВЗ и А15-А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2-ВЗ, А15-А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка.
Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров В4-В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10.

Paul Anthony Samuelson, a Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

EDUCATE

B4. Paul Samuelson was born on May 15, 1915, in Gary, Indiana. He ___________ at the University of Chicago in Illinois and at Harvard University.
WRITE

В5. In 1947, Samuelson ____________"Foundations of Economic Analysis" in which he used the language of mathematics to explain the world of economics.
IMPORTANT

B6. In 1948 he published "Economics" which is considered to be the ___________ economics text of our time.
GIVE

В7. Samuelson _____________ the 1970 Nobel Prize in Economics for doing "more than any other contemporary economist to raise the level of scientific analysis in economic theory."
GREAT

В8. Samuelson says that he finds the ____________ pleasure in solving problems of economics and it is the mathematical work.
DO

В9. But while he _____________ it, he thinks about the real-world problems.
DO

B 10. Samuelson's life work has been to use economics in the service of humanity. He ____________ more than anyone of his time to influence government policy at the highest level.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров В11-В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.

The King's New Dress

EXPENSE

B11. Many years ago, there was a King who spent all his time and money on dressing up. He loved riding round in his__________ garments so that everybody could see him.
DIFFER

В12. His wardrobes contained clothes of ___________ patterns and designs.
HONEST

В13. One day two ___________ men appeared at the palace and said they could make beautiful clothes which had magical properties.
VISIBLE

В14. Only clever people would be able to see them - but they would be ___________to anyone who was stupid or not good at their job. The King thought this was an excellent opportunity to find out who was wise and who was foolish in his kingdom.
WONDER

В15. The two men were given gold and silver thread and two ___________ weaving machines and they started to work.
CERTAIN

B16. After several weeks the King decided to send an old and honest minister, who was ___________ clever and good at his job, to visit the two men. Can you guess what he saw?
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22- А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Your Future World

What will you be doing in 2025? Will you be living in an undersea research station? Will you be the chief engineer A22 _________ a bridge across the Atlantic Ocean? Will you be leading an A23 _________ to the planet Mars? Will you be...?

You can daydream, of course, but nobody knows exactly what the world will be A24 ________. But scientists have made some guesses.

Based on the advances made, they believe people will be healthier. Diphtheria, malaria, tuberculosis, polio and many other killers are under control now. These diseases are on the way out, A25 _________to germ-killing chemicals, new ways of finding out about our bodies, and new ways of providing clean, safe A26 _________ and water.

Healthier people live longer, so we can expect the world's population to A27_________ sharply. It may double in the next forty years! This brings up a serious problem: how will we find food, water, and minerals for such a huge population?

Scientists are at work on some solutions. From the ocean they hope to get new fertilizers to increase the yield of the soil; new chemicals to kill crop-destroying insects without A28_________ other animals, new sources of water or supplies of food.

А22. 1) inventing 2) designing 3) scheming 4) doing

A23. 1) exploration 2) expenditure 3) expedition 4) exhibit

A24. 1) like 2) alike 3) likely 4) likable

A25. 1) as a result 2) because 3) on account 4) thanks

A26. 1) eat 2) feed 3) food 4) cooking

A27. 1) decrease 2) distract 3) dissolve 4) increase

A28. 1) hurting 2) harming 3) injuring 4) wounding
По окончании выполнения заданий В4-В16, А22-А28 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4-В16, А22-А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4-В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО

Для ответов на задания С1, С2 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое

внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов №

2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом.

При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания С1, С2, а потом пишете свой ответ.

Если одной стороны Бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать другую сторону Бланка.

C1. You have 20 minutes to do the task.

You have received a letter from your English pen friend Dan who writes:

...I know that the climate is not the same in different parts of your big country. As we have agreed I'll be visiting you at the

end of May. What is the weather like in May in the place you live? I'd like to know what clothes to bring with me. By the way,

what season do you like best and why?..

Write a letter to Dan and answer his questions. Write about 100-140 words. Remember the rules of

letter writing.

С2. You have 40 minutes to do this task.

Comment on the following statement.

Many people watch soap operas because they find them enjoyable and realistic. What is your opinion of soap operas?

Write 200-250 words. Use the following plan:

- make an introduction (state the problem);

- express your personal opinion and reasons for it;

- give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't agree with it;

- draw a conclusion.
ВАРИАНТ 3
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ВАРИАНТ 1
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