Таблица по временам глаголов - файл n1.doc

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Таблица по временам глаголов
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Present

Past

Future

Simple

(простое время)



  1. констатация факта

  2. выражение обычного повторяющегося действия

  1. констатация фактов в прошлом

  2. последовательность действий в прошлом

  1. выражение действия, которое совершиться или будет совершаться в будущем

Every day, usually, often, always, seldom…

yesterday, last time, last year,

a week ago…

Tomorrow, next time, next year, in a week, in a moment…

Active

Passive

Active

Passive

Active

Passive

I ask

you ask

we ask

they ask

he asks

she asks

It asks

I am asked

you are asked

we are asked

they are asked

he is asked

she is asked

It is asked

I asked

you asked

we asked

they asked

he asked

she asked

It asked

I am asked

you are asked

we are asked

they are asked

he is asked

she is asked

It is asked

I shall ask

we shall ask

you will ask

they will ask

he will ask

she will ask

It will ask

I shall be asked

we shall be asked

you will be asked

they will be asked

he will be asked

she will be asked

It will be asked

V, V-s

(3 лицо ед.ч.)

to be + V-ed

(V3)

V-ed, V2

to be + V-ed

(V2)

shall/will + V

shall/will + V-ed

(V3)

Continuous

(длительное время)

выражает длительное действие, совершающееся

  1. в момент речи

  2. в настоящий период времени

1) выражение конкретного процесса, протекающего в определенный момент в прошлом

2) выражение процесса, протекавшего в момент, когда произошло какое-либо другое действие (выражается глаголом в Past Simple)

1) выражает действие, которое совершается в определенный отрезок времени в будущем

Now, at this moment, at this present moment…

At the moment, at 6 o’clock, then, at the time yesterday, when he came…

At 6 o’clock, at that time, then, tomorrow at this time, this time next Monday…

Active

Passive

Active

Passive

Active

Passive

I am asking

you are asking

we are asking

they are asking

he is asking

she is asking

It is asking

I am being asking

you are being asking

we are being asking

they are being asking

he is being asking

she is being asking

It is being asking

I was asking

you were asking

we were asking

they were asking

he was asking

she was asking

It was asking


I was being asking

you were being asking

we were being asking

they were being asking

he was being asking

she was being asking

It was being asking


I shall be asking

we shall be asking

you will be asking

they will be asking

he will be asking

she will be asking

It will be asking




to be + V-ing


to be + V-ing

(V3)

to be + V-ing


to be being + V-ing

(V3)

shall/will be + V-ing





Perfect

(совершенное время)


1) выражение действия, законченного к настоящему моменту и связанного с этим моментом

1) выражение действия, законченного к определенному моменту в прошлом

выражение

  1. действия, которое будет закончено к определенному моменту в будущем

  2. будущего действия, которое совершиться ранее другого будущего времени

Already, never, yet recently, since (then), just, seldom, often…

By 4 o’clock, by the end of…,when (before) he came…

As soon as he comes…

Active

Passive

Active

Passive

Active

Passive

I have asked

you have asked

we have asked

they have asked

he has asked

she has asked

It has asked

I have been asked

you have been asked

we have been asked

they have been asked

he has been asked

she has been asked

It has been asked

I had asked

you had asked

we had asked

they had asked

he had asked

she had asked

It had asked

I had been asked

you had been asked

we had been asked

they had been asked

he had been asked

she had been asked

It had been asked

I shall have asked

we shall have asked

you will have asked

they will have asked

he will have asked

she will have asked

It will have asked

I shall have been asked

we shall have been asked

you will have been asked

they will have been asked

he will have been asked

she will have been asked

It will have been asked

to have + V-ed

(V3)

to have been

+ V-ed

(V3)

to have + V-ed

(V3)

to have been

+ V-ed

(V3)

shall/will have + V-ed

(V3)

shall/will have been

+ V-ed

(V3)

Perfect Continuo

(завершено-продолженное время)

1) выражение длительного действия, начавшегося в определенный момент в прошлом и продолжающегося в настоящее время

1) выражение действия, начавшегося в определенный момент в прошлом, продолжающегося в течение определенного периода до начала другого действия, выраженного глаголом в Past Simple













Active

Passive

Active

Passive

Active

Passive

I have been asking

you have been asking

we have been asking

they have been asking

he has been asking

she has been asking

It has been asking

используются формы Perfect


I had been asking

you had been asking

we had been asking

they had been asking

he had been asking

she had been asking

It had been asking

используются формы Perfect


I shall have been asking

we shall have been asking

you will have been asking

they will have been asking

he will have been asking

she will have been asking

It will have been asking

используются формы Perfect


to have been

+ V-ing





to have been

+ V-ing





to shall/will have been

+ V-ing






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