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BASIC
ENGLISH-MALTESE
DICTIONARY

Compiled by

Grazio Falzon


Nouns are followed by the abbreviations (m) for masculine, (f) for feminine, or (pl) for plural. Adjectives are entered in their masculine form. Since the Maltese verb-system has no Infinitive form, the entry for verbs is the root-word for the 3rd person masculine singular of the Perfect tense.

Where English and American orthography differ, I have selected the American spelling.






PRONUNCIATION
The Alphabet



LETTER APPROXIMATE PRONUNCIATION SYMBOL EXAMPLES
------ ------------------------- ------ --------

A short, like 'u' in 'shut' a raba
long, like 'a' in 'far' a: sala

B like Eng. b b blu

C like ch in 'church' ch coff

D like Eng. d d demm


E short, as e in 'shed' e dell
long, as ai in 'hair' e: gelu

F like Eng. f f frott

G like j in 'join' j gbejna

G like g in 'great' g gardell

H silent within a word; fehem

pronounced like h in hen
when at the end of a word h fih

H like h in 'house' h hamsa

I short, as i in 'fit' i fitt
long, as ee in 'jeep' i: ilu

J like y in 'yes' y jannar

K like k in 'kit' k kelma

L like l in 'life' l landa

M as in Eng. m mans

N as in Eng. n nisel

O short, like o in got o bott
long, like aw in law o: sod

GH mostly silent (*) boghod

P as in Eng. p patata

Q glottal plosive sound ' dqiq
produced by the closure of
the vocal chords followed
by their sudden separation

R trilled like Scottish r r marsus

S like s in 'sea' s sinjur

T like t in French 'tante' t tfajla

U short, like u in 'full' u pulptu
long, like oo in 'fool' u: hut

V as in Eng. v iva

W like w in 'war' w werwer

X like sh in 'sheep' sh xadina

Z voiced, like z in 'fuzz' z zunzan

Z unvoiced, like ts in 'hats' ts pinzell


(*) 'GH' is regarded as a single letter in Maltese. When it precedes or
follows any one of the vowels 'a', 'e', 'o' it prolongs the sound of the
vowel. In my phonetic transcription this is shown by : after the
vowel concerned.

When 'GH' is followed by the vowel 'i' it takes the sound of 'ay' in the
English word 'bay'. When 'GH' is followed by the vowel 'u' it takes the
sound of 'ou' in the English word 'soul'.

When 'GH' is the final letter in a word, it is pronounced as a soft
aspirate sound like 'h' in the English word 'hair'.

The phonetic transcription will show the correct variation in
pronunciation.

N.B.(1) General rules governing the length of vowels:

-- All vowels at the end of a word are short and unstressed.

-- All vowels are long when they are stressed and are followed
by one consonant. They are short when followed by more than
one consonant.

-- A long vowel becomes shorter when the word in which it occurs
is followed by a word beginning with a consonant and carrying
the main stress. E.g. dar sabiha.

N.B.(2) My phonetic transcription will also show the differences in
pronunciation of 'g' in 'gobon' and 'g' in 'gidba', 'z' in 'zija' and 'z'
in 'zarbun', and between silent and pronounced 'h'.

The symbol 's/h' indicates that 's' and 'h' are to be pronounced
separately, as in the English word 'mishap'

N.B.(3) Doubled consonants are to be lengthened phonetically at the
beginning of a word or inside it. Thus ll in 'falla' must be pronounced
not with one l as in English 'fuller' but with the first l closing
the first syllable and with the second l opening the second syllable.
Approximate phonetic analogy in English would be the pronunciation of
"full life".

N.B.(4) Pronunciations are given inside parentheses. A primary, or strong,
stress is indicated by an apostrophe immediately following the syllable so
stressed.

A



ABANDON, TO telaq, halla [te'laq hal'la]
ABBEY abbazija (f) [abbatsi'ya]
ABBREVIATION abbrevjazzjoni (f) [abbrevyatstsyo'ni]
ABDOMEN zaqq (f) [zaqq]
ABHOR, TO stkerrah [stker'rah]
ABLE kapaci [kapa'chi]
ABLE, TO BE sata [sa'ta]
ABOARD abbord [abbort']
ABOLISH, TO hassar [has'sar]
ABORTION korriment (m) [korriment']
ABOUT madwar [madwar']
ABOVE fuq [fuq]
ABROAD imsiefer [imsea'fer]
ABRUPT f'daqqa [fdaq'qa]
ABSENT nieqes [nea'qes]
ABSURD assurd [assurt']
ABUSE,TO abbuza [abbu'za]
ABYSS abbiss (m) [abbiss']
ACCELERATE, TO haffef [haf'fef]
ACCEPT, TO accetta [achchet'ta]
ACCESSORIES accessorji (pl) [achchessor'yi]
ACCIDENT incident (m) [inchident']
ACCOMMODATION allogg (m) [allochch']
ACCOMPLISH, TO temm, wettaq [temm wet'taq]
ACCORD ftehim (m) [fteim']
ACCOUNT kont (m) [kont]
ACCOUNT, TO ikkontja [ikkont'ya]
ACCURATE bla zbalji [bla sbal'yi]
ACCUSE, TO akkuza [akku'za]
ACCUSTOM, TO darra [dar'ra]
ACHE ugigh (m) [udzih']
ACHIEVE, TO lahaq; temm [la'haq temm]
ACKNOWLEDGE, TO stqarr; ammetta [stqarr ammet'ta]
ACORN gandra (f) [dzan'dra]
ACQUIESCE, TO ikkuntenta [ikkunten'ta]
ACQUIRE, TO kiseb; akkwista [ki'sep akkwis'ta]
ACQUIT, TO hafer [ha'fer]
ACROSS minn-naha ghall-ohra [minna'ha a:lloh'ra]
ACT, TO agixxa [adzish'sha]
ACTIVE attiv; habrieki; biezel [attif' habrea'ki bea'zel]
ACTOR attur (m) [attur']
ADAPTER adapter (m) [adap'ter)
ADD, TO zied [zeat]
ADDICTED moghti [mo:'ti]
ADDRESS indirizz (m) [indiritsts']
ADHERE, TO wahhal; zamm [wah'hal zamm]
ADJOURN, TO aggorna [adzdzor'na]
ADJUST, TO irranga; sewwa [irran'dza sew'wa]
ADMIRE, TO ammira [ammi'ra]
ADMISSION dhul (m) [thu:l]
ADMIT, TO ammetta; stqarr [ammet'ta stqarr]
ADORE, TO adura [adu'ra]
ADORN, TO zejjen [zey'yen]
ADOPT, TO adotta; ghazel [adot'ta a:'zel]
ADRIFT mitluq [mitluq']
ADULTERY adulterju (m) [adulter'yu]
ADVANCE, TO avanza [avan'tsa]
ADVANTAGE vantagg (m) [vantachch']
ADVENT avvent (m); wasla (f) [avvent' was'la]
ADVENTURE avventura (f) [avventu'ra]
ADVERTISE, TO avza; xandar [av'za shan'dar]
ADVICE parir (m) [pari'r]
ADVISE, TO avza [av'za]
AFFAIR affari (f) [affa'ri]
AFFECTED affettat [affettat']
AFFECT, TO mess; imita [mess i'mita]
AFFLUENT ghani [a:'ni]
AFFRONT canfira (f); rifront (m) [chanfi'ra rifront']
AFLOAT f'wicc l-ilma [fwichch lil'ma]
AFRAID imbazza'; bezghan [imbaz'za beza:'n]
AFRAID, TO BE beza [be'za]
AFRESH mill-gdid [milldzdit']
AFTER wara [wa'ra]
AFTERNOON wara nofsinhar (m) [wara nofsinar']
AGAIN mill-gdid [milldzdit']
AGAINST kontra [kon'tra]
AGE eta' (f); ghomor (m); zmien (m) [eta' o:'mor zmean]
AGED imdahhal fiz-zmien [imdah'hal fizzmean']
AGENCY agenzija (f) [adzentsi'ya]
AGENDA agenda (f) [adzen'da]
AGGRAVATE, TO gharraq [a:r'raq]
AGGRESSION attakk (m); salt (m) [attakk' salt]
AGILE hafif [hafif']
AGITATE, TO qanqal; xewwex [qan'qal shew'wesh]
AGO ilu [i'lu]
AGONY agunija (f) [aguni'ya]
AGREE, TO qabel; ftiehem [qa'bel ftea'em]
AHEAD quddiem [quddeam']
AID ghajnuna (f) [a:ynu'na]
AIM mira (f); ghan (m); tir (m) [mi'ra a:n tir]
AIR arja (f) [ar'ya]
AIR, TO tperrec [tper'rech]
AIR CONDITIONING arja kondizjonata (f) [ar'ya konditsyona'ta]
AIR MAIL bl-ajru [blay'ru]
AIRPLANE ajruplan (m) [ayruplan']
AIRPORT ajruport (m) [ayruport']
AIRY arjuz [aryus']
AISLE navi (f) [na'vi]
AJAR imbexxaq [imbesh'shaq]
ALABASTER alabastru (m) [alabas'tru]
ALARM CLOCK zveljarin (m) [svelyarin']
ALCOHOL alkohol (m) [alkohol']
ALE birra bajda (f) [bir'ra bay'da]
ALIAS isem iehor (m) [i'sem ea'hor]
ALIEN barrani (m) [barra'ni]
ALIKE l-istess [listess']
ALIVE haj [ha:y]
ALL kollu; kulhadd; ilkoll [kol'lu kulhatt' ilkoll']
ALLAY, TO taffa; ikkalma [taf'fa ikkal'ma]
ALLEGE, TO allega; qal [alle'ga qal]
ALLEGIANCE lealta' (f); fedelta' [lealta' fedelta']
ALLERGIC allergiku [aller'dziku]
ALLEVIATE, TO naqqas; taffa [naq'qas taf'fa]
ALLEY sqaq (m) [sqaq]
ALLIANCE ghaqda (f) [a:q'da]
ALLIES alleati (pl) [allea'ti]
ALLOT, TO qassam [qas'sam]
ALLOW, TO halla; ippermetta [hal'la ippermet'ta]
ALLURE, TO sahhar [sah'har]
ALLURING isahhar; ihajjar [isah'har ihay'yar]
ALLY alleat (m); sieheb (m) [allejat' sea'hep]
ALMIGHTY omnipotenti [omnipoten'ti]
ALMOND lewza (f) [lew'za]
ALMOST kwazi [kwa'zi]
ALMS karita' (f) [karita']
ALONE wahdu [wah'du]
ALONG matul [matul']
ALOOF ghalih [a:lih']
ALOUD gholi [o:'li]
ALPHABET alfabet (m) [alfabet']
ALREADY ga [dza]
ALTER, TO biddel [bid'del]
ALSO anki; ukoll [an'ki ukoll']
ALTERNATE, TO alterna [alter'na]
ALTHOUGH ghalkemm; avolja [a:lkemm' avol'ya]
ALTOGETHER ghal kollox [a:l kol'losh]
ALWAYS dejjem [dey'yem]
AMATEUR dilettant (m) [dilettant']
AMAZE, TO ghaggeb; bellah [adz'dzep bel'lah]
AMAZING ta' l-ghageb [ta la:'dzep]
AMBASSADOR ambaxxatur (m) [ambashshatur']
AMBIGUOUS ambigwu [ambig'wu]
AMBITION ambizzjoni (f) [ambitstsyo'ni]
AMBULANCE ambulanza (f) [ambulan'tsa]
AMBUSH imbuskata (f) [imbusk'ata]
AMELIORATE, TO tejjeb; ameljora [tey'yep amelyo'ra]
AMEN hekk ikun [ekk ikun']
AMEND, TO emenda; sewwa [emen'da sew'wa]
AMERICAN Amerikan [amerikan']
AMIABLE simpatiku; grazzjuz [simpa'tiku gratstsyus']
AMID f'nofs [fnofs]
AMISS hazin [hazin']
AMONG fost; qalb; bejn [fost qalp beyn]
AMOUNT somma (f) [som'ma]
AMUSE, TO ta pjacir [ta pyachir']
AMUSEMENT divertiment (m) [divertiment']
ANAESTHETIC anestetiku (m) [aneste'tiku]
ANALYSIS analisi (f) [ana'lisi]
ANCESTOR antenat (m) [antenat']
ANCHOR ankra (f) [ank'ra]
ANCHOVY incova (f) [incho'va]
ANCIENT antik; qadim [antik' qadim']
AND u [u]
ANGEL anglu (m) [an'dzlu]
ANGRY irrabjat [irrabyat']
ANGUISH dieqa (f) [dea'qa]
ANIMAL annimal (m) [annimal']
ANISETTE anizett (m) [anizett']
ANISE anisi (f); hlewwa (f) [a'nisi hlew'wa]
ANKLE ghaksa (f) [a:k'sa]
ANNIHILATE, TO qered [qe'ret]
ANNOY, TO dejjaq [dey'yaq]
ANNOUNCE, TO habbar [habbar]
ANNUL, TO hassar [has'sar]
ANOTHER iehor [ea'hor]
ANSWER, TO wiegeb [wea'dzep]
ANT nemla (f) [nem'la]
ANTHEM innu (m) [in'nu]
ANTIBIOTIC antibijotiku (m) [antibiyo'tiku]
ANTICIPATE, TO anticipa; basar [anti'chipa ba'sar]
ANTIDEPRESSANT antidipressiv (m) [antidepressif']
ANTIQUES antikitajiet (pl) [antikitayea't]
ANTIQUE SHOP antikwarju (m) [antikwar'yu]
ANTISEPTIC antisettiku (m) [antiset'tiku]
ANUS toqba tat-tint (f) [toq'ba tattint']
ANVIL inkwina (f) [inkwi'na]
ANXIETY ansjeta' (f) [ansyeta']
ANYTHING kwalunkwe haga (f) [kwalun'kwe ha'dza]
APATHY apatija (f) [apati'ya]
APE xadin (m) [shadin']
APOLOGIZE, TO talab skuza [ta'lap sku'za]
APOLOGY skuza (f) [sku'za]
APOPLEXY puplesija (f) [puplesi'ya]
APPAL, TO bazza [baz'za]
APPARITION dehra (f) [de'ra]
APPEAR deher [de:r]
APPEASE, TO ikkwieta; ikkalma [ikkwea'ta ikkal'ma]
APERITIF aperitiv (m) [aperitif']
APPENDICITIS appendicite (f) [appendichi'te]
APPETITE aptit (m) [aptit']
APPETIZER antipast (m) [antipast']
APPLAUSE applaws (m) [applaws']
APPLAUD, TO applawda [applaw'da]
APPLE tuffieha (f) [tuffea'ha]
APPOINT, TO hatar [ha'tar]
APPOINTMENT appuntament (m) [appuntament']
APPRECIATE, TO apprezza [apprets'tsa]
APPROACH, TO resaq [re'saq]
APPROVE, TO approva; ghadda [appro'va a:d'da]
APRICOT berquqa (f) [berqu'qa]
APRIL April (m) [april']
APRON fardal (m) [fardal']
AQUARIUM akwarju (m) [akwar'yu]
ARAB Gharbi (m) [a:r'bi]
ARBOUR kannizzata (f) [kanniatstsa'ta]
ARCH henjja (f) [hney'ya]
ARCHBISHOP arcisqof (m) [archis'qof]
ARCHAEOLOGY arkeologija (f) [arkeolodzi'ya]
ARCHITECT perit (m) [arkitett']
ARDENT imheggeg [imhedzdzech']
ARGUE, TO argumenta; haqqaq [argumen'ta haq'qaq]
ARID niexef [nea'shef]
ARM driegh (m) [dreah]
ARMED armat [armat']
AROUSE TO qajjem; qanqal [qay'yem qan'qal]
ARRANGE, TO irranga [irran'dza]
ARREST, TO arresta; zamm [arres'ta zamm]
ARRIVAL wasla (f) [was'la]
ARRIVE, TO wasal [wa'sal]
ARROW vlegga (f) [vledz'dza]
ART arti (f) [ar'ti]
ARTERY arterija (f) [arteri'ya]
ARTHRITIS artrite (f) [artri'te]
ARTICHOKE qaqocca (f) [qaqoch'cha]
ARTIFICIAL artificjali [artifichya'li]
ARTIST artista (m, f) [artis'ta]
ASHAMED misthi [mis'thi]
ASHES irmied (m) [irmeat']
ASHTRAY axtrej (m); gabbar l-irmied (m) [ash'trey dzabbar' lirmeat']
ASH WEDNESDAY l-Erbgha ta' l-Irmied (m) [ler'ba talirmeat']
ASININE idjot; ibleh [idyot' ib'leh]
ASK FOR, TO talab [ta'lap]
ASLEEP rieqed [rea'qet]
ASPARAGUS sprag (m) [sprach]
ASPHALT asfalt (m) [as'falt]
ASPIRIN aspirina (f) [aspiri'na]
ASSEMBLE, TO gabar; tella' [dza'bar tel'la]
ASSHOLE poxt (m)(vulg.) [posht]
ASSIMILATE, TO xebbah; qabbel [sheb'bah qab'bel]
ASSIST, TO assista; ghen [assis'ta e:n]
ASSOCIATE sieheb (m) [sea'hep]
ASSORTMENT varjet (f) [varyeta']
ASSURE, TO zgura; assigura [sgu'ra assigu'ra]
ASTHMA azma (f) [az'ma]
ASTONISH, TO ghaggeb [a:dz'dzep]
ASTOUNDED miblugh [mibluh']
ASTRAY mitluf [mitluf']
ASTUTE makakk [makakk']
AT fi [fi]
ATHEIST atew (m) [atew']
ATHLETE atleta (m f) [atle'ta]
AT LEAST mill-inqas [millin'qas]
AT ONCE mill-ewwel [millew'wel]
ATONE, TO patta; hallas [pat'ta hal'las]
ATROCIOUS ahrax; kiefer [ah'rash kea'fer]
ATTACH, TO wahhal; ghaqqad [wah'hal a:q'qat]
ATTACK, TO attakka [attak'ka]
ATTRACTION gibda (f) [dzib'da]
ATTAIN, TO kiseb [ki'sep]
ATTIRE lbies (m) [ilbeas']
ATTITUDE attitudni (f); xehta (f) [attitud'ni sheh'ta]
ATTORNEY avukat (m) [avukat']
ATTRACT, TO gibed; hajjar [dzi'bet hay'yar]
AUBERGINE brungiela (f) [brundzea'la]
AUCTION irkant (m) [irkant']
AUDIENCE udjenza (f) [udyen'tsa]
AUGER trapan (m) [trapan']
AUGUR, TO basar [ba'sar]
AUGUST Awwissu (m) [awwis'su]
AUNT zija (f) [tsi'ya]
AUSTERE awster; ahrax [awster' ah'rash]
AUTHOR awtur (m) [awtur']
AUTOMATIC awtomatiku [awtoma'tiku]
AUTOMOBILE karrozza (f) [karrots'tsa]
AUTOPSY awtopsija (f); access (m) [awtopsi'ya achchess']
AUTUMN harifa (f) [hari'fa]
AVAILABLE disponibbli [disponib'bli]
AVALANCHE valanga (f) [valan'ga]
AVARICE reghba (f) [re:'ba]
AVERAGE medja (f) [med'ya]
AVID rghib; xewqan [re:yp shewqan']
AVOID, TO evita [e'vita]
AWAIT, TO stenna [sten'na]
AWAKE, TO stenbah; qajjem [sten'bah qay'yem]
AWARD premju (m) [prem'yu]
AWARE konxju; infurmat [kon'shyu infurmat']
AWE biza' (m); qima (f) [bi'za qi'ma]
AWL xifa (f) [shi'fa]
AWFUL orribbli [orrib'bli]
AWKWARD goff [goff]
AXE mannara (f) [manna'ra]
AXLE fus (m) [fus]

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