ЕГЭ 2011. Демонстративная работа по английскому языку - файл n1.doc

ЕГЭ 2011. Демонстративная работа по английскому языку
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Задания А8–А14

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8–А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

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Int: Today in the studio we are talking to Ben Zephani, an activist and member of the environmental group the Green Belt Movement in Kenya. Welcome Ben.
Ben: Thank you.
Int: Well, you know, people nowadays talk a lot about environmental issues. There is great concern about wildlife and the future of the National Parks in Kenya. Whats happening there?
Ben: One of the most serious environmental problems we are facing today is deforestation, which really affects both wildlife and people living around the forests. People need land for their own purposes, like growing crops and raising cattle. So they come, seize pieces of land, cut down trees and start cultivating the land. So many animals were, kind of, forced away. They had to leave their native habitats and find new hunting areasThats not really a nice thing.
Int: And whats happening to the people who actually live around the forest area?
Ben: You know when you tend to interfere in a wild animals habitat you somehow create an imbalance between people and animals. And sometimes its not really a nice thing because animals tend to come close to where people live, which is really threatening.
Int: So, do they attack people?
Ben: Not that they really attack settlements but they do come in packs, groups, prides or herds constantly migrating from one place to another because of deforestation. So people are vulnerable at any time.
Int: You mean, if I lived there, I could be chased by an angry rhinoceros or an elephant?
Ben: No, actually they dont chase people because most of the time they just pass by. But at times you come into contact with an unusual animal. You know animals live in packs, so when one animal is rejected from its pack, its an angry animal. It cannot join the other packs so it attacks anything and is extremely dangerous. It should not be disturbed. People can do nothing to help it. Anyone who dares to approach it is almost certainly doomed.
Int: Wow! Sounds horrible! I suppose no one would dare to try to catch these wild animals ... Well, but what actually causes deforestation?
Ben: People burn wood to produce charcoal and sell it, because, as you know, people there have very poor living conditions, and they try hard to earn an extra dime to support their families. Charcoal is in great demand for cooking and other odd jobs, so people dont even have to travel anywhere to sell it. Its a good job. But its so destructive.
Int: So whats being done to try and remedy this, or to try and counterbalance the effect?
Ben: There are three or four large activist groups that are coming together to discuss how to reduce damage to the environment. You all know the Nobel Prize winner Wangari Maathai who is a leader of the Green Belt Movement in Kenya. Shes been trying to discourage people from destroying forests for a long time and to explain what deforestation does to the country and the environment in general and how it affects people in the forest areas. She teaches people to adjust to new conditions and environments. She moves with the times. Wangari supports National parks, conservation areas and safari parks in the country. She helps organize small businesses to learn to earn from ecotourism in the forest areas.
Int: Look, Ive always wanted to go to Africa and Im just wondering, if that whole safari business ... is really good; if everything you see on the BBC Wildlife channel, you know, documentaries, is true to life.
Ben: Its not a clichй, but its something you have to experience when you get there on safari. The BBC has never lied to their viewers.
Int: Wow! So I could be just out there ... driving around in my car and on my own just seeing all those animals?
Ben: I am afraid they wont let you drive in your own car. They provide services for you. We have in Kenya an institute called the KWS: the Kenya Wildlife Service and it has its own wardens that are highly trained to protect you when youre in the forest. You just say where and when you want to go, what places and animals you would like to see. Tours are kind of regulated. For example, you will never be allowed to come close to feeding the animals.
Int: All right.

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Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)

This is the end of the Listening test.

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Задания А8–А14
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